Boris Poplavsky and Eugeniy Malaniuk: Typology of Expatriation as an Aspect of Cultural Allotropy

Olha Chervinska, Yulia Vilchanska


Exile existential accents are not considered to be a completely focused object. There are factors in history of cultures which are easier for understanding, proceeding from the current reality: the presence of certain culture in other cultural structure when the creative person faces an indispensability of self-identification (as motivated in the philosophical platform of Julia Kristeva, i. e. in the essay “Strangers to Ourselves” (1988). In the culture study aspect anyone of conventionally homogeneous cultures (or using the expression by Sorokin – “socio-cultural bodies”) in the context of its development inevitably faces, or will face in future, with a situation where the homogeneity ceases to be obvious.

In particular, the experience of integral culture collapse of the Russian Empire, at first glance, gives very significant examples related to the so-called allotropy factor (the literary lexicon virtually lacks the concept, although it is appropriate to use this ancient scientific term containing commonly known Greek roots αλλος – other, τρόπος – feature). We mean the various forms which presented the existence of representatives of individual national cultures of Russia after the October Revolution generating the emergence of various known today diasporas – such as the Armenian, Russian, Ukrainian and others. In this synchronic time span the formation of the various “post-imperial” Diasporas (the first wave of emigration) is of great interest. Their main point becomes a creation of the corresponding ideological clamp. In this respect it is interesting to trace typological samples on the most revealing examples.

The given article examines the work of two poets-emigrés: Boris Poplavsky (Russian diaspora) and Eugeniy Malaniuk (Ukrainian diaspora). It is a question of typologically polar transformations of biographical experience in the Diaspora ideology outlook.


allotropy factor; diaspora; expatriation; poets-emigrés; exile; Boris Poplavsky; Eugeniy Malaniuk

Full Text:



Dzyk R. Teoretyko-khudozhnie osmyslennia ekzyliu Iuliieiu Kristevoiu [Theoretical and Methodological Comprehension of the Exile by Julia Kristeva]. Pytannia literaturoznavstva, no. 88, pp. 69–88.

Kristeva J. Sami sobi chuzhi [Strangers to Ourselves]. Kyiv, 2004, 262 p.

Lysenko N. “Skhopyt′ moment perekhodu…” [Grab a Moment of Transition]. Knyzhnyk, no. 2, pp. 18–23.

Malaniuk E. Vybrani tvory [Selected works]. Kharkiv, 2009, 288 p.

Malaniuk E. Notatnyky (1936–1968): Dokumental′no-khudozhnie vydannia [Notebooks (1936–1968): documentaries and artistic publications]. Kyiv, 2008, 336 p.

Pavlychko S. Modernistychnyi rukh na zakhodi v 60–70-i roky (N′iu-iorks′ka hrupa) [Modernist movement in the West at 60–70 years (New York Group]. In: Theory of Literature. Kyiv, 2002, pp. 381–418.

Poplavsky B. Orfei v adu. Neizvestnye poemy, stikhotvoreniia i risunki [Orpheus in the Underworld. Unknown Poems, Poems and Drawings]. Moscow, 2009, 191 p.

Poplavsky B. (1903–1935) Metafizicheskii grammofon: (dnevnik) [Metaphysical gramophone: (a dairy)]. Saint Petersburg, 2010, 192 p.

Sartre J.-P. Ekzistentsializm – eto gumanizm [Existentialism is a Humanism]. In: Sumerki bogov. Moscow, 1990, pp. 319–344.

GOST Style Citations

Дзик Р. А. Теоретико-художнє осмислення екзилю Юлією Крістевою / Р. А. Дзик // Питання літературознавства. – 2013. – № 88. – С. 69–88.

Крістева Ю. Самі собі чужі / Юлія Крістева ; [пер. з фр. З. Борисюк]. – К. : Вид-во Соломії Павличко „Основи”, 2004. – 262 с.

Лисенко Н. „Схопить момент переходу…” / Н. Лисенко // Книжник. – 1992. – № 2. – С. 18–23.

Маланюк Є. Вибрані твори / Є. Маланюк. – Харків : Ранок, 2009. – 288 с.

Маланюк Є. Нотатники (1936–1968) : документально-художнє видання / Є. Маланюк. – К. : Темпора, 2008. – 336 с.

Павличко С. Модерністичний рух на заході в 60–70-і роки (Нью-йоркська група) / С. Павличко // Теорія літератури. – К. : Вид-во Соломії Павличко „Основи”, 2002. – С. 381–418.

Поплавский Б. Орфей в аду: Неизвестные поэмы, стихотворения и рисунки / Б. Поплавский. – М. : Гилея, 2009. – 191 с.

Поплавский Б. (1903–1935) Метафизический граммофон : [дневник] / Б. Поплавский. – СПб. : ООО Леонардо, 2010. – 192 с.

Сартр Ж.-П. Экзистенциализм – это гуманизм / Жан-Поль Сартр // Сумерки богов. – М. : Политиздат, 1990. – С. 319–344.

Copyright (c) 2016

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The journal publishes research papers on terms: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 


Pytannia literaturoznavstva
ISSN 2306-2908 
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University
2 Kotsiubynsky str., Chernivtsi 58012, Ukraine