Kognitive Changes of Historical Path of the Literary Criticism

Tetyana Bovsunivska

Abstract


The article includes an analytical review of literary criticism of the last half-century, mainly in its integration with cognitive sciences. In particular, it is about rethinking postmodern criticism for its inability to create new scientific gestalt. The article draws attention to the tautological nature of the terminology of contemporary literary criticism (image – actant – a simulacrum – eidos – rhizome, etc.). However, it noted that the postmodern criticism has identified the most relevant cognitive dissonance of XX – early XXI centuries and triggered integration of literary criticism with disciplines of natural sciences (neuroscience, the study of artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, cognitive linguistics, cognitive philosophy, cognitive cultural studies and so on). Paying tribute to postmodernist attempts if not modifications, at least “rethinking” the system of flavors, canons, genres, etc., must recognize that without their revolutionary configuration upgrade – direct cognitive promote regeneration of the gestalt science – мodernity has continued to be in a state of “theoretical innocence”. Hence the great interest to contemporary cognitive science, synergy, Postnonclassical theories of human and Universe development. The article suggested the development of cognitive literary criticism. The conclusion of important interdisciplinary concepts and terms is faced at the resent time. The cognitive sciences today (from humanities to natural-science cycle) is the unique field of research, which has a uniform terminology system, which, in turn, contributes to the formation of a new gestalt of science. The universal character of terminological system of the cognitive sciences also assures that the unity of the laws of human thought should be seen as the foundation of any modern sciences.


Keywords


Gestalt; postmodernism; cognitive literary criticism; method; literary historiography; interpretation; Gestalt model; terminological system; synthesis; narratology

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