Belinsky as a Literary Theorist

Olga Zubovich

Abstract


It is important to note that there is a lack of serious study of the work of V. Belinsky. During the Soviet period, this nineteenth century famous Russian critic was often a victim of “vulgar sociologism”; today he is a victim of prejudice due to his personal political beliefs and not the qualities of his work. The methodology of this study is based on the descriptive, historical and comparative approach; the objective is to study Belinsky's contribution to literary theory. The originality of this approach lies in the attempt to provide a progressive study of Belinsky's contribution to the theory of literature. The study has identified the main directions of his thinking in the field of literary theory: the study of realism as a new literary movement, the study of the concept of national character in art, work on the development of the theory of literary genres. In the article, Belinsky's main conclusions in the field of literary theory are presented concisely. The study showed some possible directions for further analysis of Belinsky's work in the field of literary theory: a comparative study between his aesthetic thinking and the aesthetic theories that existed at that time (especially Hegel's theories), the analysis of Belinsky's contribution to the theory of realism, the development of the theory of literary genres and reflection on the concept of national character. 


Keywords


Belinsky; literary genre; epos; drama; poetry; realism; national character

References


Belinsky V. Literaturnye mechtaniia [Literary Dreams]. In: Sobranie sochinenii. Moscow, 1948, vol. 1, pp. 7–89. (in Russian).

Belinsky V. O russkoi povesti i povestiakh g. Gogolia [About the Russian Story and Gogol's Stories]. In: Sobranie sochinenii. Moscow, 1948, vol. 1, pp. 100–147. (in Russian).

Belinsky V. Razdelenie poezii na rody i vidy [The division of poetry into genera and species]. In: Sobranie sochinenii. Moscow, 1948, vol. 2, pp. 5–66. (in Russian).

Belinsky V. Stikhotvoreniia Lermontova [Poem by Lermontov]. In: Sobranie sochinenii. Moscow, 1948, vol. 1, pp. 630–696. (in Russian).

Vail' P., Genis A. Na postu [Be on guard]. In: Rodnaia rech': Uroki iziashchnoi slovesnosti. Moscow, 2011, pp. 87–97. (in Russian).

Kol'ev A. N. Belinskii kak “zerkalo” revoliutsionnoi demokratii [Belinsky as a mirror of revolutionary democracy]. Available at: http://www.russdom.ru/node/968 (accessed 20 October 2015). (in Russian).

Fridlender G. M. Belinskii kak teoretik literatury [Belinsky as a literary theorist]. In: Literaturnoe nasledstvo. Moscow, 1948, vol. 55, pp. 259–284 (in Russian).

Papadopoulo A. Introduction à la philosophie russe dès origines à nos jours [Introduction to Russian philosophy from its origins to our days]. Paris, 1995, 324 p. (in French).


GOST Style Citations


Белинский В. Г. Литературные мечтания / B. Г. Белинский // Собрание сочинений : в 3 т. Т. 1 ; под общ. ред. Ф. М. Головенченко. – М. : Гослитиздат, 1948. – С. 7–89.

 

Белинский В. Г. О русской повести и повестях г. Гоголя / B. Г. Белинский // Собрание сочинений : в 3 т. Т. 1. ; под общ. ред. Ф. М. Головенченко. – М. : Гослитиздат, 1948. – С. 100–147.

 

Белинский В. Г. Разделение поэзии на роды и виды / B. Г. Белинский // Собрание сочинений : в 3 т. Т. 2. ; под общ. ред. Ф. М. Головенченко. – М. : Гослитиздат, 1948. – С. 5–66.

 

Белинский В. Г. Стихотворения М. Лермонтова / B. Г. Белинский // Собрание сочинений : в 3 т. Т. 1. ; под общ. ред. Ф. М. Головенченко. – М. : Гослитиздат, 1948. – С. 630–696.

 

Вайль П. На посту / Петр Вайль, Александр Генис // Родная речь: Уроки изящной словесности / Петр Вайль, Александр Генис. – М. : Издательство КоЛибри, Азбука-Аттикус, 2011. – C. 87–97.

 

Кольев А. Н. Белинский как „зеркало” революционной демократии [Электронный ресурс] / Андрей Кольев // Русский дом. – 2008. – № 6. – Режим доступа : http://www.russdom.ru/node/968 (дата обращения 20.10.2015).

 

Фридлендер Г. М. Белинский как теоретик литературы / Г. Фридлендер // Литературное наследство. Т. 55: В. Г. Белинский : в 3 т. Т. 1 / гл. ред. П. И. Лебедев-Полянский. – М. : Изд-во АН СССР, 1948. – С. 259– 284.

 

Papadopoulo A. Introduction à la philosophie russe dès origines à nos jours / Alexandre Papadopoulo. – Paris : Seuil, 1995. – 324 p.





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Pytannia literaturoznavstva
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