Chronotopos in the Poetry of Henrikas Radauskas and Boris Poplavsky

Silvestras Gaižiūnas

Abstract


The article treats poetic the creative work of two great poets and emigrants Henrikas Radauskas (1910–1970) and Boris Poplavsky (1903–1935). Radauskas’ creative work is closely related to many known phenomenons of the World Literature and Art in the postwar period. Radauskas like Poplavsky is interested to aesthetics of surrealism at all, he knows the poetry of the Russian emigration, also Poplavsky’s creative work. Both poets in their poems adventurously compares images, various realities. Often incomparable things become close at carnival play. Radauskas ignores law of empiric and prefers a fary-tale, but Poplavsky – a miracle. For better understanding of parallels and differences of Lithuanian and Russian poets creative work in the article is analysed representation of the time and space. In this relation fundamental attention is paid to angel, Orpheus, the moon, height, abyss and deepness. Orpheus overcomes the time in Radauskas’s creative work and the space in Poplavsky creative work. In the poems of both poets phantasmagoric, surrealistic visions is related to the moon. In the lyric plot of Radauskas uncloses terrestrial and cosmic abyss, which embody the abyss of art too. The motive of abyss refills by the motive of depth and bottom in Poplavsky’s and Radauskas’ creative work. The bottom of Universe is deepest in Poplavsky creative work (29th poem from “The Automatic Poems”). It represents absolute loneliness. The impressive view of bottom opens in Poplavsky’s 166th poem “The Automatic Poems”. Here is represented the carnival, which connect heroes of various period. The parallel for this Poplavsky’s poem is Radauskas’ poem “Čiurlionis”. 


Keywords


Henrikas Radauskas; Boris Poplavsky; chronotopos; the surreal aesthetic; Orpheus

References


Norina N., Speredeniuk A. Obraz Orfeia v lirike B. Poplavskogo [Image of Orpheus in the lyric works of Boris Poplavsky]. Mezhdunarodnyi nauchno-issledovatel'skii zhurnal, 2012, no. 3(3), pp. 52–56. Available at: http://research-journal.org/languages/obraz-orfeya-v-lirike-b-poplavskogo/ (accessed 21 October 2015). (in Russian).

Otkroveniia Borisa Poplavskogo [The Discoveries of Boris Poplavsky]. Available at: http://az.lib.ru/p/poplawskij_b_j/text_1935_otkrovenia.shtml (accessed 21 October 2015). (in Russian).

Poplavsky B. Avtomaticheskie stikhi [Automatic poems]. Available at: http://az.lib.ru/p/poplawskij_b_j/text_0030.shtml (accessed 21 October 2015). (in Russian).

Poplavsky B. Flagi [Flags]. Available at: http://az.lib.ru/p/poplawskij_b_j/text_0010.shtml (accessed 21 October 2015). (in Russian).

Poplavsky B. V venke iz voska [From a Garland of Wax]. Available at: http://az.lib.ru/p/poplawskij_b_j/text_0020.shtml (accessed 21 October 2015). (in Russian).

Henriko Radausko laiškai Ivarui Ivaskui [Henrikas Radauskas letters to Ivar Ivask]. Vilnius, 2009, 239 p. (in Lithuanian)

Ivask I. The Contemporary Lithuanian Poet Henrikas Radauskas. Lituanus, 1959, vol. 5, no. 3. Available at: http://www.epaveldas.lt/vbspi/biRecord.do?biExemplarId=185228&biRecordId=99902 (accessed 21 October 2015).

Kubilius V. XX amžiaus lietuvių lyrika [Lithuanian Poetry of the 20th Century]. Vilnius, 1982, 398 p. (in Lithuanian).

Radauskas H. Lyrika [Lyric Poems]. Vilnius, 1980, 350 p. (in Lithuanian).

Raila B. Kodėl antraip? [Why otherwise?]. Vilnius, 1991, 376 p. (in Lithuanian).


GOST Style Citations


Норина Н. Образ Орфея в лирике Б. Поплавского [Электронный ресурс] / Н. Норина, А. Спереденюк // Международный научно-исследовательский журнал. – 2012. – № 3(3). – С. 52–56. – Режим доступа : http://research-journal.org/languages/obraz-orfeya-v-lirike-b-poplavskogo/.

 

Откровения Бориса Поплавского [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа : http://az.lib.ru/p/poplawskij_b_j/text_1935_otkrovenia.shtml.

 

Поплавский Б. Автоматические стихи [Электронный ресурс] / Б. Поплавский. – Режим доступа : http://az.lib.ru/p/poplawskij_b_j/text_0030.shtml.

 

Поплавский Б. Флаги [Электронный ресурс] / Б. Поплавский. – Режим доступа : http://az.lib.ru/p/poplawskij_b_j/text_0010.shtml.

 

Поплавский Б. В венке из воска. [Электронный ресурс] / Б. Поплавский. – Режим доступа : http://az.lib.ru/p/poplawskij_b_j/text_0020.shtml.

 

Henriko Radausko laiškai Ivarui Ivaskui. – Vilnius : Pasviręs pasaulis, 2009. – 239 p.

 

Ivask I. The Contemporary Lithuanian Poet Henrikas Radauskas [Electronic resource] / Ivar Ivask / Lituanus. – 1959. – T. 5. – Nr. 3. – Available at : http://www.epaveldas.lt/vbspi/biRecord.do?biExemplarId=185228&biRecordId=99902.

 

Kubilius V. XX amžiaus lietuvių lyrika / Vytautas Kubilius.Vilnius : Vaga, 1982. – 398 p.

 

Radauskas H. Lyrika / Henrikas Radauskas. – Vilnius : Vaga, 1980. – 350 p.

 

Raila B. Kodėl antraip? / Bronys Raila. – Vilnius : Vaga, 1991. – 376 p.



Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The journal publishes research papers on terms: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

 

Pytannia literaturoznavstva
ISSN 2306-2908 
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University
2 Kotsiubynsky str., Chernivtsi 58012, Ukraine