Man and World in O. Honchar’s “Diaries”: Biographical Dimension

Luiza Oliander

Abstract


This article is about a the world picture and a man in it, which appears in the recipient imagination under the influence of O. Honchar’s diary. The question of writer’s life and creativity is considered. Diariush is interpreted as a kind of autobiographical genre. It is said that the daily fixing manifestations of life determines author dual role / narrator: he confesses himself and shows what is happening around him and with others. Special relationship between addressee (narrator) – the recipient (beneficiary): on the one hand, the receiver (beneficiere) – it is the sender itself, and the second – the future recipient, are examined. The specific structure of the text is characterized. The forms and ways of expressing paradigmatic relations own / other are defined. It is confirmed that human concept in O. Honchar is formed by not only direct but indirect way. It is given the list of details such as self-consciousness of mankind, man ... realized his mission, was the spiritual became …force of life...The techniques of literary skills to create portraits that make up the gallery of real characters of the epoch (writers, scientists, politicians, peasants, soldiers, and others) are revealed. It is emphasized that Honchar’s notes about Holodomor (famine) and other forbidden topics first, pay attention to the different views of their vision; second, these notes in the subtext hidden forced silence which shows typological situation of many artists. It is proved that in O. Honchar’s diaries writer biography is both a biography of a generation that preceded the sixties and biography of Ukrainian creative intelligentsia.

Keywords


biography; diariush; genre; life and creativity; narration; own / other

References


Bubleinik L., Oliander L. Khudozhestvennyi mir Borisa Pasternaka [Artistic World of Boris Pasternak]. Lutsk, 2014, 232 p. (in Russian).

Honchar V. “Zapysky Olesia Honchara” pidzaholovok “Holos yoho dushi” [“Notes by Oles Honchar” subtitle “Voice of His Soul”]. In: Honchar O. T. Schodennyky. Kyiv, 2003, vols.1–3, pp. 5–7. (in Ukrainian).

Honchar O. T. Schodennyky [Diaries]. Kyiv, 2003, vols. 1–3, vol. 1, 445 p. (in Ukrainian).

Honchar O. T. Schodennyky [Diaries]. Kyiv, 2003, vols. 1–3, vol. 2, 607 p. (in Ukrainian).

Kontseptsiya mira i cheloveka v tvorchestve M. Gor'kogo. [The concept of the world and man in the works of M. Gorky]. Moscow, 2009, 448 p. (in Russian).

Ostrovskaya S. D. Kontseptsiya obschechelovecheskogo I natsional'nogo v tvorcheskom nasledii M. Gor'kogo [The concept of universal and national in the literary heritage of M. Gorky]. In: Kontseptsiya mira i cheloveka v tvorchestve M. Gor'kogo. Moscow, 2009, pp. 224–262. (in Russian).

Spiridonova L. A. Nastoiashchii Gor'kii: mify i real'nost' [The Real Gorky: Mith and Reality]. Moscow, 2013, 440 p.


GOST Style Citations


Бублейник Л. Художественный мир Бориса Пастернака / Л. Бублейник, Л. Оляндэр. – Луцк : Вежа-Друк, 2014. – 232 с.

 

Гончар В. „Записки Олеся Гончара” підзаголовок „Голос його душі” / В. Гончар // Гончар О. Т. Щоденники : в 3 т. / упорядн., підгот. текстів, ілюстр. матеріалу В. Д. Гончар ; [худож. оформ. М. С. Пшінки]. Т. 1 (1943–1967). – К. : Веселка, 2003. – С. 5–7.

 

Гончар О. Т. Щоденники : в 3 т. / упорядн., підгот. текстів, ілюстр. матеріалу В. Д. Гончар ; [худож. оформ. М. С. Пшінки]. Т. 1 (1943–1967). – К. : Веселка, 2003. – 445 c.

 

Гончар О. Т. Щоденники : в 3 т. / упорядн., підгот. текстів, ілюстр. матеріалу В. Д. Гончар ; [худож. оформ. М. С. Пшінки]. – Т. 2 (1968–1983). – К. : Веселка, 2003. – 607 с.

 

Концепция мира и человека в творчестве М. Горького / отв. ред. Л. А. Спиридонова – М. : ИМЛИ РАН, 2009. – 448 с. – (Серия „М. Горький. Материалы и исследования”. Вып. 9.).

 

Островская С. Д. Концепция общечеловеческого и национального в творческом наследии М. Горького / С. Д. Островская // Концепция мира и человека в творчестве М. Горького / отв. ред. Л. А. пиридонова – М. : ИМЛИ РАН, 2009. – С. 224–262.

 

Спиридонова Л. А. Настоящий Горький: мифы и реальность / Л. А. Спиридонова. – М. : ИМЛИ РАН, 2013. – 440 с. 



Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2014

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The journal publishes research papers on terms: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

 

Pytannia literaturoznavstva
ISSN 2306-2908 
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University
2 Kotsiubynsky str., Chernivtsi 58012, Ukraine