Biography as Matrix of the Authors Style: Myth (bio)graphical and Myth (bio)logical in the Pierre Michon’s Novels

Galyna Dranenko


The article deals with the problem of Pierre Michon’s authors biographical stylistic methods. We covered the stylistic and poetical markers of the author’s studying of the biographical material. We determined the modes of the biographeme’s selection and their hierarchical structure (from dominant to peripheral; we analyzed the narrative structure of the biographical text, we studied the textual realization of the relations factual / fiction / fictional in the authors works. We outlined the fictional markers; they are thematic (in relation to the literary text) narrative (in relation to the narration) and discursive (in relation to the discourse) criteria, and also paratextual and metatextual textual indicators. Besides, we showed the literary transformation of the biography to the myth biography by functions of the biographical texts agents (object, subject and recipient), and the process of the transposition of the biography logic to the myth logic. The author concludes that in the biographies created by P. Michon, the mains acting schemes (mytheme) of the (myth) biography’s creating are presented by the repeating paradigm of the themes and of the motifs. This is the reference to an ancient manuscript, the digging up bones (remains), the identity (name), the recording, the choice of language, the execution of order, the correspondence, the falsification, the birth of the work of art etc. The author’s style is has enclosed in the biographies. The acting schemes of the process of the writing and of his reception are represented frequently in the text, this is the removing cover, deep into the middle (of the earth, of the wood, etc.), feeling of the body (of the text), the paradox- transposition of the contradictions, the creation through the deletion. 


biographical text; biographical fiction; vies rêvées; biographical writing; P. Michon


Averintsev S. Biohrafiia ta ahiohrafiia [Biography and Hagiography]. Dukh i litera, 2006, no. 15–16, pp. 205–213. (in Ukrainian).

Golosovker Ia. E. Logika mifa [Logic of the myth]. Moscow, 1987, 218 p. (in Russian).

Мikhailova Т. А. Irlandskoe predanie o Suibne Bezumnom, ili Vzgliad iz XII veka v VII [The Irish legend of the Mad Suibhne, or Sight from XII century to the VII]. Moscow, 1999, 424 p. (in Russian).

Bourdieu P. L’Illusion biographique [The Biographical Illusion]. Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales, 1986, no. 62–63, pp. 69–72. (in French).

Buisine A. Biofictions [The Biographical fictions]. Revues des Sciences Humaines. Le Biographique, 1991, no 224, pp. 7–13. (in French).

Entretien avec Pierre Michon [Interview with Pierre Michon]. Scherzo. Revue de littérature, Paris, 1998, no. 5, pp. 5–12. (in French).

Gefen A. Le Genre des noms : la biofiction dans la littérature française contemporaine [Genre of the names: the biofiction in contemporary French literature]. In: Le Roman français au tournant du XXIe siècle. Paris, 2004, pp. 305–319. (in French).

Gefen A. “Parlant de moi, c’est de lui que je parle”. Privatisation identitaire et empathie mémorielle dans la fiction biographique contemporaine [“Talking about me is that I speak of him”. Identity privatization and memorial empathy in contemporary biographical fiction]. In: Biographie et intimité des Lumières à nos jours. Clermond-Ferrand, 2008, pp. 231–240. (in French).

Genette G. Fiction et diction [Fiction and diction]. Paris, 2004, 236 p. (in French).

Michon P. Abbés [Abbots]. Paris, 2002, 80 p. (in French).

Michon P. Corps du roi [The King’s body]. Paris, 2002, 112 p. (in French).

Michon P. L’Empereur d’Occident [Emperor of the West]. Paris, 2007, 96 p. (in French).

Michon P. Les Onze [The Eleven]. Paris, 2009, 144 p. (in French).

Michon P. Mythologies d’hiver [Winter Mythologies]. Paris, 1997, 96 p. (in French).

Michon P. Rimbaud le fils [Rimbaud the Son]. Paris, 1991, 128 p. (in French).

Michon P. Vie de Joseph Roulin [The Life Joseph Roulin]. Paris, 1988, 72 p. (in French).

Richard J.-P. Pour lire Rimbaud le fils [Reading Rimbaud the Son]. In: Compagnies de Pierre Michon [Compagnies Pierre Michon]. Paris, 1993, pp. 117–140. (in French).

GOST Style Citations

Аверинцев С. Біографія та агіографія / Сергій Аверинцев ; [пер. з рос. Михайлина Коцюбинська] // Дух і літера. – 2006. – № 15–16. – С. 205–213.


Голосовкер Я. Э. Логика мифа / Яков Эммануилович Голосовкер. – М. : Наука, 1987. – 218 с.


Михайлова Т. А. Ирландское предание о Суибне Безумном, или Взгляд из ХІІ века в VII / Т. А. Михайлова. – М. : Изд-во Моск. ун-та,1999. – 424 с.


Bourdieu P. L’Illusion biographique / Pierre Bourdieu // Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales. – 1986. – № 62–63. – P. 69–72.


Buisine A. Biofictions / Alain Buisine // Revues des Sciences Humaines. Le Biographique. – 1991. – № 224. – P. 7–13.


Entretien avec Pierre Michon // Scherzo. Revue de littérature. – Paris : Presses Universitaires de France, 1998. – № 5. – P. 5–12.


Gefen A. Le Genre des noms : la biofiction dans la littérature française contemporaine / Alexandre Gefen // Le Roman français au tournant du XXIe siècle / [dirs B. Blanckerman, A. Mura-Brunel, M. Dambre]. – Paris : Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle, 2004. – P. 305–319.


Gefen A. „Parlant de moi, c’est de lui que je parle”. Privatisation identitaire et empathie mémorielle dans la fiction biographique contemporaine / Alexandre Gefen // Biographie et intimité des Lumières à nos jours. – Clermond-Ferrand : Presses Universitaires Blaise Pascal, 2008. – P. 231–240.


Genette G. Fiction et diction / Gérard Genette. – Paris : Seuil, 2004. – 236 p.


Michon P. Abbés / Pierre Michon. – Paris : Verdier, 2002. – 80 p.


Michon P. Corps du roi / Pierre Michon. – Paris : Verdier, 2002. – 112 p.


Michon P. L’Empereur d’Occident / Pierre Michon. – Paris : Verdier/folio, 2007. – 96 p.


Michon P. Les Onze / Pierre Michon. – Paris : Verdier, 2009. – 144 p.


Michon P. Mythologies d’hiver / Pierre Michon. – Paris : Verdier, 1997. – 96 p.


Michon P. Rimbaud le fils / Pierre Michon. – Paris : Gallimard, 1991. – 128 p.


Michon P. Vie de Joseph Roulin / Pierre Michon. – Paris : Verdier, 1988. – 72 p.


Richard J.-P. Pour lire Rimbaud le fils / Jean-Pierre Richard // Compagnies de Pierre Michon. – Paris : Verdier/Théodore Balmoral, 1993. – P. 117–140.

Copyright (c) 2014

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The journal publishes research papers on terms: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 


Pytannia literaturoznavstva
ISSN 2306-2908 
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University
2 Kotsiubynsky str., Chernivtsi 58012, Ukraine