Poetic Self Portrait of Anna Akhmatova in a Profile of Mythologem
Keywords:“poetic self-portrait”, transitive mythologem, Muse, mythopoeia, activated mythologem, Silver Age, Anna Akhmatova
Finding out the creativity of the poet as a form of “imaginative absolute” (by Y. Golosovker), revealing the leading stylistic dominants of author’s texts is our pre-eminent receptive duty. Hence, the consecutive artistic expression of poet is interpreted as poetic genre of “self-portrait”, which takes place in reception. The portrait of Anna Akhmatova is described in connotations of the paradigm of Muse, secured for the writer Marina Tsvetaeva by an expression the “Muse of Tsarskoye Selo”. This metaphor is aphoristically stated concept, still not interpreted by scientists in terms of its functionality. The role of the transitive form as crucial for Akhmatova’s poetry is considered here based on all the lifetime poetic collections of the writer with the most present observations of literary criticism regarding the indicated question. It is pointed out that in criticism of that time the name of Akhmatova appears in the context of Musaget group and that an appeal to ancient patterns and the author’s poetic manner of their working generally fit into the aesthetic canon of Silver Age poetics. Despite, in her poetic texts of different formats (from lyrical miniatures to poems) this paradigm is a passthrough, functioning as a palimpsest. The phenomenon of the specific „mixed” syncretism of various image layers is typical for Akhmatova’s poetry. The considered examples testify to the special feature of this way of Akhmatova’s mythopoeia. Akhmatova’s Muse formed at the crossroads of ancient specimens and other spiritual experience is gradually Christianized. She acts as the activated mythologem, a guide image of a personal poetic author’s figure.
Averintsev S. S. Obraz antichnosti v zapadnoevropeiskoi kul'ture XX v. Nekotorye zamechaniia [The Image of Antiquity in the West-European culture of XX‑th century. Some remarks]. In: Novoe v sovremennoi klassicheskoi filologii. Moscow, 1979, pp. 5–40. (in Russian).
Anna Akhmatova: PRO ET CONTRA [Anna Akhmatova: PRO ET CONTRA]. St. Petersburg, 2001, vol. 1, 922 p. (in Russian).
Artiukhovskaia M. I. O dramatizme rannei liriki Anny Akhmatovoi [About a Dramatic Nature of Early Lyrics of Anna Akhmatova]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta, 1977, no. 4, pp. 15–25. (in Russian).
Akhmatova A. A. Sobranie sochinenii [Collection of works]. Moscow, 1998–2005, vols. 1–6. (in Russian).
Akhmatova A. A. Stikhotvoreniia i poemy [Verses and Poems]. Leningrad, 1976, 558 p. (in Russian).
Beletskii A. I. Russkaia literatura i antichnost' [Russian Literature and Antiquity]. In: Vzaimosviazi i vzaimodeistviia natsional'nykh literatur: materialy diskussii 11–15 ianv., 1960. Moscow, 1961, pp. 174–179. (in Russian).
Veiman R. Istoriia literatury i mifologiia [History of Literature and Mythology]. Moscow, 1975, 344 p. (in Russian).
Venttsel' N. Muza s “litsa neobshchim vyrazhen'em” [Muse with the “Uncommon Countenance”]. In: Anna Akhmatova: PRO ET CONTRA. St.Petersburg, 2001, vol. 1, pp. 81–82. (in Russian).
Vilenkin V. V sto pervom zerkale (Anna Akhmatova) [In the Hundred First Mirror (Anna Akhmatova)]. Moscow, 1987, 118 p. (in Russian).
Vinogradov V. V. Izbrannye trudy: Poetika russkoi literatury [The Selected Works: Poetics of the Russian Literature]. Moscow, 1976, 512 p. (in Russian).
Gegel' G.-V.-F. Estetika [Aesthetics]. Moscow, 1969–1976, vols. 1–4. (in Russian).
Ginzburg L. O lirike [About Lyrics]. Leningrad, 1974, 406 p. (in Russian).
Gollerbakh E. Peterburgskaia kamena (Iz vpechatlenii poslednikh let) [Camenae of Petersburg (Impressions of the Last Years)]. In: Anna Akhmatova: PRO ET CONTRA. St. Petersburg, 2001, vol. 1, pp. 325–330. (in Russian).
Golosovker Ia. E. Logika mifa [Logic of a Myth]. Moscow, 1987, 218 p. (in Russian).
Griakalova N. Iu. Fol'klornye traditsii v poezii Anny Akhmatovoi [Folklore Traditions in the Poetry of Anna Ahmatova]. Russkaia literatura. 1982, no. 1, pp. 47–63. (in Russian).
Dolgopolov L. K. Po zakonam pritiazheniia. O literaturnykh traditsiiakh v “Poeme bez geroia” Anny Akhmatovoi [Under the Laws of Attraction. About Literary Traditions in “Poem Without a Hero” by Anna Akhmatova]. Russkaia literatura. 1979, no. 4, pp. 38–57. (in Russian).
Zhirmunskii V. M. Tvorchestvo Anny Akhmatovoi [Anna Akhmatova’s Work]. Leningrad, 1973, 184 p. (in Russian).
Zvarych I. M. Psykholohichni ta strukturno-semantychni aspekty mifolohennoï osnovy khudozhn′oï tradytsiï [Psychological and Structural-semantic Aspects of Mythological Bases of Art Tradition]. In: Psykholohichni aspekty aktual′noï retseptsiï tekstu: teoretyko-metodolohichnyі pohliad na suchasnu praktyku slovesnoï kul′tury. Chernivtsi, 2009, pp. 101–172. (in Ukrainian).
Kozlov A. S. Mifologicheskoe napravlenie v literaturovedenii SShA [Mythological Direction in Literary Criticism of the USA]. Moscow, 1984, 175 p. (in Russian).
Korona V. V. Sofiinyi mir Anny Akhmatovoi [Sophia World of Anna Akhmatova]. Arkhetipicheskie struktury khudozhestvennogo soznaniia. Yekaterinburg, 2002, no. 3. Available at: http://poetica1.narod.ru/sbornik/korona1.htm (accessed 28 March 2015). (in Russian).
Korona V. V. Poeziia Anny Akhmatovoi – poetika avtovariatsii [Anna Akhmatova’s Poetry as Autovariations Poetics]. Available at: http://ahmatova.niv.ru/ahmatova/kritika/korona-poetika-avtovariacij/index.htm (accessed 28 March 2015). (in Russian).
Losev A. F. Znak. Simvol. Mif [Sign. Symbol. Myth]. Moscow, 1982, 479 p. (in Russian).
Lysov A. “Zakliuchen'e nebyvshego tsikla”. Stikhotvorenie “Posledniaia roza”: sobornyi obraz tvorchestva Anny Akhmatovoi [“Conclusion of a Not Former Cycle”. A Poem “Last Rose”: a Conciliar Image of Anna Akhmatova’s Work]. Sibirskie ogni, 2008, no. 1. Available at: http://magazines.russ.ru/sib/2008/1/ly10.html (accessed 28 March 2015). (in Russian).
Maroshi V. V. Siuzhet v siuzhete (imia v tekste) [Plot in a Plot (a Name in a Text)]. In: Rol' traditsii v literaturnoi zhizni epokhi. Siuzhety i motivy. Novosibirsk, 1994, pp. 177–188. (in Russian).
Meletinskii E. M. Poetika mifa [Poetics of a Myth]. Moscow, 1976, 407 p. (in Russian).
Pavlovskii A. I. Anna Akhmatova: Ocherk tvorchestva [Anna Akhmatova: an Essay of the Work]. Leningrad, 1966, 194 p. (in Russian).
Platonov A. P. Razmyshleniia chitatelia [Reader’s Reflections]. Moscow, 1980, 285 p. (in Russian).
Silard L. Germetizm i germenevtika [Hermetism and Hermeneutics]. St. Petersburg, 2002. – 328 p. (in Russian).
Timenchik R. D. Anna Akhmatova v 1960-e gody [Anna Ahmatova in 1960-s]. Moscow, Toronto, 2005, 784 p. (in Russian).
Timenchik R. D. O “Bibleiskoi” tainopisi u Akhmatovoi [About “Biblical” Cryptography of Anna Akhmatova]. Zvezda, 1995, no. 10, pp. 201–207. (in Russian).
Tiupa V. I. Khudozhestvennost' literaturnogo proizvedeniia. Voprosy tipologii [Artistry of a Literary Work. Questions of Typology]. Krasnoyarsk, 1987, 219 p. (in Russian).
Freidenberg O. M. Mif i literatura drevnosti [Myth and Literature of Antiquity]. Moscow, 1978, 605 p. (in Russian).
Tsiv'ian G. V. Kassandra, Didona, Fedra [Cassandra, Dido, Phaedra]. Literaturnoe obozrenie. 1989, no. 5, pp. 29–33. (in Russian).
Chukovskii K. I. Anna Akhmatova. Sobranie sochinenii [Collection of works]. Moscow, 1967 , pp. 725–755, vols. 5. (in Russian).
Chukovskii K. I. Akhmatova i Maiakovskii [Akhmatova and Mayakovsky]. Voprosy literatury. 1988, no. 1, pp. 177–206. (in Russian).
Eikhenbaum B. M. O poezii [About Poetry]. Leningrad, 1969, 552 p. (in Russian).
Eikhenbaum B. M. Ob A. A. Akhmatovoi [About A. Akhmatova]. In: Den' poezii 1967. Leningrad, 1967, pp. 169–171. (in Russian).
“Ia ne takoi tebia kogda-to znala…”: Anna Akhmatova. Poema bez geroia. Proza o Poeme. Nabroski baletnogo libretto : materialy k tvorcheskoi istorii [“I Used to Know You not Such…”: Anna Akhmatova. Poem Without a Hero. Prose About Poem. Drafts of the Ballet Libretto]. St. Petersburg, 2009, 1488 p. (in Russian).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2014 Olha Chervinska
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.