Biographic Parallels as a Basis for Typological Studying of George Orwell and Ivan Bahrianyi Works


  • Svitlana Korshunova Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ukraine
  • Svitlana Kobuta Precarpathian National Vasyl Stefanyk University, Ukraine



George Orwell, Ivan Bahrianyi, authbiography, biography, typological approach, creative impulse, writer's motivation, literary projection


This article deals with the problem of biographic parallelism as a basis for typological research. The main task is to find out similarities and differences in the works by George Orwell and Ivan Bahrianyi, all of them being based of the real facts from the writers' lives. The peculiarities of the literary interpretation of the biography of the both authors become the comparative basis for revealing of the common processes in their works. The research sheds the light on the interdependence between authors' motivations and its literary results. It also highlights the problem of genres chosen by the writers and of the dependence of this choice on the biographic facts usage. The article compares the genres of the authors' works from the point of view of their artistic motivation. The subject under study includes such books of the authors as “Burmese Days”, “Keep the Aspidistra Flying” and other by George Orwell, as well as “The Getsyman Garden”, “The Hunters and the Hunted” and others by Ivan Bahrianyi. It deals with the problem of the influence of the writers' biographic facts on their creation of the literary images and characters, as well as on the plots of the stories. The similarities between authors and their characters are revealed and this allows us to say that writers used their own lives as a source of inspiration and artistic motivation for the sake of making their stories credible. The article also raises the question of the nature of the writers' characters with authors' being their possible prototypes. In general, the article studies the parallels of George Orwell and Ivan Bahrianyi lives, trying to prove their compatibility in the typological field while both use their biographies as a creative method. 

Author Biographies

Svitlana Korshunova, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University

World Literature Academic Department Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University Shevchenko str., 57, 76000, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine

Svitlana Kobuta, Precarpathian National Vasyl Stefanyk University

World Literature Academic Department

Precarpathian National Vasyl Stefanyk University

57 Shevchenko str., 76000, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine


Bahrjanyj Ivan. Anton Bida, Geroj truda [Anton the Disaster, A Hero of Labour]. Available at : (accessed 30 May 2012). (in Ukrainian).

Bahrjanyj Ivan. Marusja Bohuslavka. Derzhit pojizd. [Marusja Bohuslavka. Hold the Train]. Kyiv, 2006, 584 p. (in Ukrainian).

Bahrjanyj Ivan. Narodzhennja knygy [The Birth of the Book]. In: Vybrani tvory [Chosen Works]. Kyiv, 2006, pp. 478–502. (in Ukrainian).

Bahrjanyj Ivan. Sad Getsymanskyj [The Getsyman Garden]. Kyiv, 2001, 548 p. (in Ukrainian).

Bahrjanyj Ivan. Tygrolovy [The Hunters and the Hunted]. Kyiv, 2012, 308 p. (in Ukrainian).

Balaklytskyj M. “Nova religijnist” Ivana Bagrjanogo [“New Religiousness” of Ivan Bahrianyi]. Kyiv, 2005, 167 p. (in Ukrainian).

Budnyj V., Il′nyts′kyi M. Porivnjalne literaturoznavstvo [Comparative Literature]. Kyiv, 2008, 430 p. (in Ukrainian).

Kostjuk G. Vidijshov u bezsmertja [Joined the Eternity]. In: I. Bahrjanyj. Vybrani tvory. Kyiv, 2006, pp. 563–578. (in Ukrainian).

Spodarets M. “Ja vyznachyv sobi shljakh – shljakh ukrainskogo pysmennyka” (Perypetiji tvorchosti i biografiji I. Bahrjanogo) [“I chose my way – the way of the Uktainian writer” (Ways of I. Bahrianyi life and work)]. Visnyk Kharkivskogo natsionalnogo universytetu imeni V. Karazina, 2006, no. 742, vol. 48, pp. 3–13. (in Ukrainian).

Franko I. Zibrannja tvoriv : u 50 t. [Works Collection in 50 volumes]. Kyiv, 1981, vol. 31, 595 p. (in Ukrainian).

Bowker Gordon. The Biography Orwell Never Wrote. Available at: (accessed 18 July 2014).

Cavendish Dominic. Coming Up For Air Revisted: Orwell, England and the Idea of Escape. Available at: (accessed 13 September 2014).

Kerr Douglas. Orwell, Kipling, and Empire. Available at: (accessed 15 June 2013).

Orwell George. Burmese Days. Available at: (accessed 12 April 2012).

Orwell George. Homage to Catalonia. Available at: (accessed 12 April 2012).

Orwell George. Keep the Aspidistra Flying. Available at: (accessed 12 April 2012).

Orwell George. Why I Write. Available at: (accessed 23 July 2013).



How to Cite

Korshunova, S., and S. Kobuta. “Biographic Parallels As a Basis for Typological Studying of George Orwell and Ivan Bahrianyi Works”. Pitannâ lìteraturoznavstva, no. 89, Nov. 2014, pp. 256-65, doi:10.31861/pytlit2014.89.256.



Comparative Literary Studies