Artistic-Biographical Model of the Mazepa Image in Modern Historical Novels in Verse
Keywords:Mazepa, K. Motrych, L. Horlach, A. Hudyma, I. Shkurupiy, novel in verse, letter, documentary, biography
The article deals with the artistic-biographical model of the Mazepa image in modern historical novels in verse by Kateryna Motrych’s “Motrya’s Nights”, Leonid Horlach’s “Mazepa”, Andriya Hudyma’s “Mazepa’s Confession”, Ivan Shkurupiy’s “Baturyn”, which mark by innovative approaches to study of documentary material, its genre, plot and compositional expression. The works represent a new level of understanding the figure of Ivan Mazepa, who had a great influence on the formation of Ukrainian statehood, but he was shown as a treacherous traitor, power-hungry, lover, a man who was cursed by church and God. There is a transformation of historical truth and everyday realities of Hetman’ time, artistic modeling of his life and actions. These works encourage comprehending of past and present, understanding of rightness of Hetman’s action, who was patron of art, science, religion, defender of Ukraine. Attention pays for accumulation of historical, documentary and epistolary material about Mazepa, interpretation his image in historiographical works. Authors of historical novels in verse try to rehabilitate Mazepa and return him place in the history of Ukraine, draw attention to the oppressive policies of Russia, creatively reflect of Ivan Mazepa’s biographies and the key points of Ukraine being during his rule, that present with historical authenticity, for instance: destruction of Baturyn, execution of Kochubey and Iskra, confusion between Cossack officers and S. Paliy, visiting of mother in monastery, correspondence with Motrya, transition to the side of the Swedish King Charles XII, Mazepa’s anathema and escape from Ukraine. An interesting plot element is known and confirmed fact of Ivan Mazepa’s correspondence with his god-daughter Motrya Kochubey. Twelve Hetman letters, about authenticity of which is debated, is a masterpiece of intimate lyrics of the beginning of XVІІІ century, using and interpreting by writers in the novels in verse.
Valievs′kyi O. L. Biohrafiia v konteksti filosofs′koho analizu [Biography in the context of philosophical analysis]. Filos. i sotsiol. dumka, 1989, no. 8, pp. 45–53. (in Ukrainian).
Het′man Ivan Mazepa. Pysannia [Hetman Ivan Mazepa. Writings]. Kyiv, 1992, 52 p. (in Ukrainian).
Horlach L. Mazepa [Mazepa]. In: Horlach L. Mamai. Mazepa. Istorychni romany u virshakh. Kyiv, 2010, pp. 143–364. (in Ukrainian).
Hudyma A. D. Spovid′ Mazepy [Mazepa’s Confession]. Kyiv, 2003, 160 p. (in Ukrainian).
Danylina O. V. Evoliutsiia obrazu het′mana Ivana Mazepy ukraïns′kii i zarubizhnii literaturi XVІІ – XX stolit′ [The evolution of Ivan Mazepa’s image in Ukrainian and foreign literature of the XVII − XX centuries]. Melitopol′, 2009, 140 p. (in Ukrainian).
Dziuba O. M. Pryvatne zhyttia kozats′koi starshyny XVІІІ (na materiali epistoliarnoi spadshchyny) [Private life of Cossack officers XVIII (on the material of epistolary heritage)]. Kyiv, 2012, 348 p. (in Ukrainian).
Koskin V. Leonid Horlach: “Pyshu istoriiu bez hrymu i dekoru” [Leonid Horlach: „I write history without make-up and decoration”]. Ukrains′ka literaturna hazeta, 2010, no. 18(24). (in Ukrainian).
Motrych K. Motryni nochi [Motrya’s nights]. Novochasna literatura. Teksty. Trymisiachnyk. Kyiv, 2008, no. 2(6), pp. 5–105 (in Ukrainian).
Mazepiana: materialy do bibliohrafii [Mazepiana the material of bibliography (1688-2009)]. Kyiv, 2009, 248 p. (in Ukrainian).
Pavlenko S. Ivan Mazepa iak budivnychyi ukrains′koi kul′tury [Ivan Mazepa as the builder of Ukrainian culture]. Kyiv, 2005, 305 p. (in Ukrainian).
Pelens′kyi Ie. Literaturna Spadshchyna Mazepy [Literary heritage of Mazepa]. Kyiv, 1992, 52 p. (in Ukrainian).
Sknarina O. Iu. Osobystisne i dokumental′ne v memuarnii i biohrafichnii prozi (na materiali ukrains′koi literatury kintsia XX st.) [Personal and documented in memoirs and biographical prose (on the material of Ukrainian literature of the late XX century)]. Extended abstract of PhD dissertation (Literary teory). Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatyuk National Pedagogical University. Ternopil, 2007, 20 p. (in Ukrainian).
Khyzhniak Z. Maty het′mana Mariia Mahdalena Mazepyna [Hetman’s Mother Mariya Magdalena Mazepa]. In: Ukrainky v istorii. Kyiv, 2004, pp. 52–56.
Shkurai I. V. Baturyn [Baturyn]. Luhans′k, 2001, 146 p. (in Ukrainian).
Shkurai I. V. Vid avtora [From the author]. In: Baturyn. Luhans′k, 2001, pp. 136–141. (in Ukrainian).
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2014 Valentyna Bilyats’ka
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.