Biographical Subtext Andre Gide Stories “Strait is the Gate” and “The Pastoral Symphony”

Tetiana Dynnichencko


The author puts task to interpret works by Gide “Strait is the gate” and “The Pastoral Symphony” as antinomian unity reflecting dialogical religious views of the writer. The author uses the following methods: biographical, comparative, socio-cultural and method of textual analysis. The writer was a hereditary Protestant and in his work a very large place occupied by revision of the traditional religious concepts of morality. A. Gide thought that basic to the doctrine of christianity – the humanity of Christ and he opposed it to the dogmas of the Church, embodied in the comments of the Apostle Paul (he treated them as to social stratification). Radical religious ideas A. Gide caused by such factors: energetic revolt against Puritan upbringing; categorical rejection of the dogmas of the Church and their socio-cultural priorities of the modernism. The original in the article is a comparative analysis of the works said in the aspects of the problematic, the construction of the plot, of characterization. The study reveals their antinomy in all three aspects: on the level of problems (diametric opposite of the main conflict resolution), the plot (the opposite direction of development), the construction of images of the main characters (images-antipodes). Thus, the author comes to the conclusion that the product of the Andre Gide’s “Strait is the gate” and “The Pastoral Symphony” is antinomian unity. Moreover, it is, as such, they reflect the inherent dialogic thinking of the writer, show some contradictions in his world and allow us to determine the evolution vector religious views of the author. 


Gide; Strait is the gate; Pastoral Symphony; antinomian unity; Christianity; austerity; virtue; religious pantheism; biblical criticism; modernism; dialogical thinking


Berdiaev N. A. Samopoznanie (Opyt filosofskoi avtobiografii) [Self-knowledge. Experience of philosophical authobiography]. Moscow, 1991, 446 p. (in Russian).

Eremeev L. A. Frantsuzskii literaturnyi modernizm [French literary modernism]. Kyiv, 1991, 120 p. (in Russian).

Gide A. Pastoral'naia simfoniia. Izabel' [The Pastoral Symphony. Isabelle]. Moscow, 2010, 221 p. (in Russian).

Gide A. Tesnye vrata [Strate is the gate]. Available at: (accessed 10 October 2014). (in Russian).

Gide A. Biografiia. Knigi. Zhizn'. Tvorchestvo [Biography. Books. Life. Oeuvre]. Available at: (accessed 10 October 2014). (in Russian).

Zholkovskyi A. K. Bluzhdaiushchie sny i drugie raboty [Wandering dreams and other works]. Moscow, 1994, 428 p. (in Russian).

Zatonskyi D. V. Modernizm i postmodernizm: Mysli ob izvechnom kolovrashchenii iziashchnykh i neiziashchnykh iskusstv [Modernism and postmodernism: thoughts about the eternal cycle of fine and inelegant arts]. Kharkiv, 2000, 256 p. (in Russian).

Boisdeffre P. de. Le „Christianisme” d’André Gide. In: Métamorphose de la littérature de Barrès à Malraux. Paris, 1953, pp. 91–160.

Clouard H. André Gide. In. Histoire de la littérature française du symbolisme à nos jours de 1915 à 1940. Paris, 1957, pp. 48–76.

GOST Style Citations

Бердяев Н. А. Самопознание (Опыт философской автобиографии) / Н. А. Бердяев. – М. : Книга, 1991. – 446 с.


Еремеев Л. А. Французский литературный модернизм / Л. А. Еремеев. – К. : Наук. думка, 1991. – 120 с.


Жид А. Пасторальная симфония. Изабель / Андре Жид. – М. : АСТ Астрель, 2010. – 221 с. – (Книга на все времена).


Жид А. Тесные врата [Электронный ресурс] / Андре Жид. – Режим доступа :


Жид А. Биография. Книги. Жизнь. Творчество [Электронный ресурс] / Андре Жид. – Режим доступа :


Жолковский А. К. Блуждающие сны и другие работы / А. К. Жолковский. – М. : Наука. Издательская фирма „Восточная литература”, 1994. – 428 с.


Затонский Д. В. Модернизм и постмодернизм: Мысли об извечном коловращении изящных и неизящных искусств / Д. В. Затонский. – Харьков : Фолио ; М. : ООО „Издательство АСТ”, 2000. – 256 с. – (Книжная серия „Мастера”).


Boisdeffre P. de. Le „Christianisme” d’André Gide / P. de Boisdeffre // Métamorphose de la litterature de Barrès à Malraux. – Paris : Edition Alsatia, 1953. – P. 91–160.


Clouard H. André Gide / Н. Clouard // Histoire de la littérature française du symbolisme à nos jours de 1915 à 1940. – Paris : Editions Albin Michel, 1957. – Р. 48–76.

Copyright (c) 2014

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The journal publishes research papers on terms: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 


Pytannia literaturoznavstva
ISSN 2306-2908 
Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University
2 Kotsiubynsky str., Chernivtsi 58012, Ukraine