Art Model of Chronotope in the Distopia Genre of the Second Half of the 20th Century
Keywords:time, concept, space, city, island, Robinsonada, the hero, the psychological state
The article has for an object to analyze the artistic model of concept of time and space in to the antiutopian genre of the second half of the 20th century. Time and space are not only a means of deepening the characteristics of the artistic image, but also provide a perception of poetic reality and to organize the composition of the work. Therefore, their combination in the literary criticism called chronotope. In literature this term appeared thanks to the research,M. Bakhtin. From our point of view, time is in antiutopian novels of the second half of the 20th century covers past and future. Regarding the space, he is anti-utopia is always limited. Often the space covers the mainland territory, the Islands, state, city or house of the main character. Physical space includes and intimate space hero. This can be, for example, a room. It should also be emphasized that relations between “reality” and time and space model lies in the basis of a sociological division, for example, caste, then there are certain social classes. All these components affect the environment perception antiutopian novel. We believe that in antiutopian genre II half of the 20th century there is another components. First of all, we think that deserves attention, information space, which is opposed to the space of the book. The special attention is spared to the new structural elements of chronotope, that were not investigated before.
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Copyright (c) 2014 Yuriy Zhadanov, Inna Kulikova
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