Art Model of Chronotope in the Distopia Genre of the Second Half of the 20th Century


  • Yuriy Zhadanov Vasyl Karazin Kharkiv National University, Ukraine
  • Inna Kulikova Kharkiv National Medical University, Ukraine



time, concept, space, city, island, Robinsonada, the hero, the psychological state


The article has for an object to analyze the artistic model of concept of time and space in to the antiutopian genre of the second half of the 20th century. Time and space are not only a means of deepening the characteristics of the artistic image, but also provide a perception of poetic reality and to organize the composition of the work. Therefore, their combination in the literary criticism called chronotope. In literature this term appeared thanks to the research,M. Bakhtin. From our point of view, time is in antiutopian novels of the second half of the 20th century covers past and future. Regarding the space, he is anti-utopia is always limited. Often the space covers the mainland territory, the Islands, state, city or house of the main character. Physical space includes and intimate space hero. This can be, for example, a room. It should also be emphasized that relations between “reality” and time and space model lies in the basis of a sociological division, for example, caste, then there are certain social classes. All these components affect the environment perception antiutopian novel. We believe that in antiutopian genre II half of the 20th century there is another components. First of all, we think that deserves attention, information space, which is opposed to the space of the book. The special attention is spared to the new structural elements of chronotope, that were not investigated before. 

Author Biographies

Yuriy Zhadanov, Vasyl Karazin Kharkiv National University

Department of the History of Foreign Literature and Classical Philology

Vasyl Karazin Kharkiv National University

Freedom Square 4, 61022, Kharkov, Ukraine

Inna Kulikova, Kharkiv National Medical University

Department of the Ukrainian Language, Principles of Psychology and Education Science

Kharkiv National Medical University

4 Lenin Avenue, 61022, Kharkov, Ukraine


Bakhtin M. M. Formy vremeni i khronotop v romane. Ocherki po istoricheskoi poetike [Forms of time and chronotope in the novel. Essays on historical poetics]. In: Voprosy literatury i estetiki. Moscow, 1975, pp. 234407. (in Russian).

Bibik V. B. Katehoriia khronotopu iak obiekt literaturnoï krytyky [Category-space as an object of literary criticism]. Filolohichni seminary, 2009, no. 12, pp. 288–308. (in Ukrainian).

Velykodna H. Svoieridnist′ obraznosti u zbirtsi “Avtostop” O. Zabuzhko [Originality of imagery in the book “Hitchhiking” O. Zabuzhko ]. Studiï novitn′oï literatury, 2008. no. 3, pp. 267–275. (in Ukrainian).

Kopystians′ka N. Zhanr, zhanrova systema u prostori literaturoznavstva [Genre, genre system in the space of literary]. Lviv, 2005, 368 p. (in Ukrainian).

Lanin B. Anatomiia literaturnoi antiutopii [Anatomy of literary dystopia]. Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost', 1993, no. 5, pp. 154–163. (in Russian).

Literaturoznavchyi slovnyk-dovidnyk [Literary Dictionary]. Kyiv, 2007, 752 p. (in Ukrainian).

Stoianova I. D. Movni zasoby realizatsiï stratehiï komunikatyvnoho manipuliuvannia u dyskursi antyutopiï [Verbal means of communication strategy manipulation in discourse dystopia]. Visnyk LNU imeni Tarasa Shevchenka, 2012. no. 14 (249), pp. 276–282. (in Ukrainian).

Frank S. L. Dusha cheloveka. Opyt vvedeniia v filosofskuiu psikhologіiu [The soul of man. Experience in introducing philosophical psychology]. In: Predmet znaniia. Dusha cheloveka. Moscow, 2000, pp. 631–990. (in Russian).

Shishkina S. G. Istoki i transformatsii zhanra literaturnoi antiutopii v XX veke [Origins and transformation of the genre of literary dystopia in the XX century]. Ivanovo, 2009, 232 p. (in Russian).

Shkaruba L. M. Kniga: prestol chelovechestva [Book: the throne of mankind]. Zarubizhna literatura v shkolakh Ukraïny, no. 3, 2012, pp. 57–61. (in Russian)

Atwood M. The Handmaid's Tale. Toronto, 1985, 324 p.



How to Cite

Zhadanov, Y., and I. Kulikova. “Art Model of Chronotope in the Distopia Genre of the Second Half of the 20th Century”. Pitannâ lìteraturoznavstva, no. 89, Nov. 2014, pp. 97-106, doi:10.31861/pytlit2014.89.097.



Genre Study