Reception Frame of Iris Murdoch’s Critical Studies
Keywords:Iris Murdoch, reception, literary criticism, postmodernism, deconstruction, philosophical reflection
AbstractThe article analyzes the enrichment of the reception frame of I. Murdoch's oeuvre due to the complementation of different discourses (fiction, philosophy, culture study, criticism and theory of literature). In this context the rethinking of post-structuralism and deconstruction theories as a conceptual basis of literary postmodernism for revealing specific features of the writer’s literary text is shown. Murdoch’s theoretical views regarding the role of criticism in the contemporary literary process are considered, in particular her categorical rejection of deconstruction. The literature of postmodernism is a phenomenon that unites different discourses; in this perspective Murdoch's oeuvre fits the outlined framework. Readers know Iris Murdoch both as a writer, theorist and critic of her own works, as well as works of other writers; and also as a moral philosopher, that resorts to an artistic, poetic way of thought verbalization. However, concerning Murdoch's works, postmodernism is related only as a specific way of world perception, world outlook, and not as a concept of postmodern fiction or literary criticism. Approximation of the writer's literary manner to postmodernism is not defined as a theoretical philosophical reflection; it is rather a semi-conscious emotional reaction to the crisis of the modern world, crisis of faith in established values. In Murdoch's novels, the echo of the signs of postmodern consciousness is realized through manifestations of philosophical pluralism and genre metamorphism.
Barthes R. Izbrannyye raboty: Semiotika: Poetika [Selected works: Semiotics: Poetics]. Moscow, 1989, 616 p. (in Russian).
Borev Yu. B. Iskusstvo interpretatsii i otsenki: (Opyt prochteniya “Mednogo vsadnika”) [The art of interpretation and evaluation]. Moscow, 1981, 399 p. (in Russian).
Borev Yu. B. Problemy khudozhestvennogo vospriyatiya [Problems of artistic perception]. In: Obshchestvo. Literatura. Chtenie: Vospriiatie literatury v teoreticheskom aspekte [Society. Literature. Reading: Perception of literature in the theoretical aspect]. Moscow, 1978, pp. 5–19. (in Russian).
Naumann M. Literaturnoye proizvedeniye i istoriya literatury: Sbornik izbrannykh rabot [Literary work and the history of literature: Collection of selected works]. Moscow, 1984, 424 p. (in Russian).
Sovremennoye zarubezhnoye literaturovedeniye: kontseptsii, shkoly, terminy. Entsiklopedicheskiy spravochnik [Modern foreign literary criticism (countries of Western Europe and the USA): concepts, schools, terms. Encyclopaedic reference book]. Moscow, 1996, 320 p. (in Russian).
Suminova T. N. Khudozhestvennaya kul'tura kak informatsionnaya sistema (mirovozzrencheskiye i teoretiko-metodologicheskiye osnovaniya) [Art culture as an information system (world outlook, theoretical and methodological grounds)]. Moscow, 2006, 366 p. (in Russian).
Eco U. Zametki na polyakh “Imeni rozy” [Marginal notes on “The Name of the Rose”]. Inostrannaya literatura, 1988, no. 10, pp. 88–104.
Hassan I. Making sense: The trials of postmodern discourse. New Literary History, 1987, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 437–459. https://doi.org/10.2307/468739
Lodge D. Working with structuralism: Essays and reviews on 19th and 20th cent. literature. London, 1981, 207 p.
Murdoch I. Against Dryness. In: Murdoch I. Existentialists and Mystics. Writings on philosophy and literature. New York, 1999, pp. 287–295.
Murdoch I. Conceptions of Unity. Art. In: Murdoch I. Metaphysics as a Guide to Morals. New York, 1993, pp. 1–24.
Murdoch I. Derrida and Structuralism. In: Murdoch I. Metaphysics as a Guide to Morals. New York, 1993, pp. 185–216.
Murdoch I. Literature and Philosophy: A Conversation with Bryan Magee. In: Murdoch I. Existentialists and Mystics. Writings on philosophy and literature. New York, 1999, pp. 3–30.
Murdoch I. The Sublime and the Beautiful Revisited. In: Murdoch I. Existentialists and Mystics. Writings on philosophy and literature. New York, 1999, pp. 261–286.
Murdoch I. The Sublime and the Good (Chicago Review, Autumn 1959). In: Murdoch I. Existentialists and Mystics. Writings on philosophy and literature. New York, 1999, pp. 205–220.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 Aliona Matiychak
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.